The authors searched for meta-analyses on neurologic disorders following COVID-19 published up to March 14, 2023. They obtained 1,184 studies, of which 44 meta-analyses involving 9,228,588 COVID-19 patients were finally included. After confirming the forest plot of each study and removing overlapping individual studies, a re-meta-analysis was performed using the random effect model.
The summarized combined prevalence of each neurological disorder is as follows: stroke 3.39%(95% confidence interval, 1.50-5.27), dementia 6.41%(1.36-11.46), multiple sclerosis 4.00%(2.50-5.00), epilepsy 5.36%(-0.60-11.32), Parkinson's disease 0.67%(-1.11-2.45), encephalitis 0.66%(-0.44-1.77) and Guillain-Barré syndrome 3.83%(-0.13-7.80). In addition, the mortality risk of patients with co-morbidities of COVID-19 is as follows: stroke OR 1.63(1.23-2.03), epilepsy OR 1.71(1.00-2.42), dementia OR 1.90(1.31-2.48), Parkinson's disease OR 3.94(-2.12-10.01). The authors concluded that their results show that the prevalence and mortality risk may increase in some neurological diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Future studies should elucidate the precise mechanisms for the link between COVID-19 and neurological diseases, determine which patient characteristics predispose them to neurological diseases, and consider potential global patient management.
Park JM, Woo W, Lee SC, Park S, Yon DK, Lee SW, Smith L, Koyanagi A, Shin JI, Kim YW. Prevalence and Mortality Risk of Neurological Disorders during the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Umbrella Review of the Current Evidence. Neuroepidemiology. 2023 Apr 12.